Air cargo transportation to CIS:

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Features of air cargo transportation

Airway bill 
In order to carry cargoes by air, it (cargo) must be purchased "ticket". "Airline ticket" for the cargoes is an international-type air waybill (Air waybill). This waybill, confirming the conclusion of the contract and conditions of transportation of cargo, as well as the receiving of the cargo carrier from the sender.

Before delivery of the cargo for shipment the sender must indicate and provide the agent (the person issuing the air waybill) with the exact name of the cargo, its weight, the number of seats, the size or volume, type of packaging, special properties. The sender is liable for damage caused to the carrier or other person to whom the carrier is responsible, because of the irregularity, incorrectness or incompleteness of this information. Air Waybill is a collection of 9-12 copies of copies of different values and colors. Air waybill shall be drawn up on the name of a specific consignee, shall accompany the cargo all along its route and is given out to the consignee at destination with the cargo.

Packaging requirements 
For normal cargoes transported by air, there are certain requirements for packaging.

The normal load can be called any of the categories of cargoes that are not perishable, hazardous, special, precious, live animals. The transport of such cargoes is carried on a general basis and without the use of special tariffs.

Packaging must not cause damage to aircraft or other cargoes during transport.

Nature of packaging must comply with content and weight of cargo (not packed in cardboard boxes heavy objects that can break, damage packaging).

Packaging should exclude the possibility of access to content.

The boxes should not have the old marks of the cargo.

Cargoes requiring special storage and transportation conditions, shall contain appropriate labeling and prescribing instructions for dealing with them ( «fragile», «handle with care», «this way up», «do not turn», etc.).

The cargo must be packed in such a way that, under normal treatment measures (transportation, loading, unloading) it should provide its safety, as well as prevent potential damage to other cargo.

Dimensions of packaging should be suitable in size to the cargo compartments and hatches of the aircraft.

Restrictions on the size and weight of cargo 
Restrictions on the minimum size and weight of cargo do not exist.

Cargo space whose weight exceeds 80 kg, are classified as overweight. When you send a heavy cargo requires prior approval.

The total weight and volume of packages is limited only by the size of cargo compartments of aircraft. Dimensions of cargo compartments on all aircraft types are different so if you have any questions related to exceed of the standards, you should seek advice from the experts.

How to send cargo 
In order to send the cargo it is necessary to fill in an application for shipment, to agree on the required documents for customs clearance and deliver the cargo on a cargo airport complex.

Responsibility of the carrier (airline) 
Shippers do not always know that the registration of the air waybill does not imply an automatic insurance of the cargoes. They believe that in case of any damage, loss of their cargo, they will receive full financial compensation. Under the existing legal conventions governing the conditions of carriage of cargoes by air (the Warsaw Convention and Hague Protocol), the carrier's liability is limited to the estate and paying for damage or loss of cargo up to 20,00 USD per kg. In order to repair a damage totally, it is necessary to insure cargoes.

How the cost of transportation is calculated 

The cost of carriage of cargo depends on the nature of the cargo, weight, route of flight, urgency, etc. Typically, the cost of transport can be calculated as follows:

value = rate per 1 kg x number of lbs + additional fees (the fee for safety, fuel surcharge, the fee for registration of an air waybill, special charges)

There is also the concept of minimum freight rates (gathering) - the minimum to pay the cost of carriage, which consists of a minimum paid weight + additional fees. The minimum freight rate with different airlines differ and may vary from 8 to 30 kg.

Transportation costs also depends not only on weight, but also on the volume. This is a volume weight. In accordance with the regulations, volumetric cargo is cargo, 1 kg of which occupies a volume of more than 6000 cubic meters, e.g. weight of one cu. meter of cargo should be not less than 167 kg. To calculate the volumetric weight the following formula is adopted:

Volumetric weight = length x width x height (in cubic meters. Cm) / 6000. If the value calculated by the formula exceeds the actual weight (gross) of cargo, the payment for transportation will be charged based on volumetric weight.